Drifting Antarctic iceberg A-68 opens up clear water
The giant iceberg known as A-68 that was produced in the Antarctic last week continues to drift seaward.
All the latest satellite images indicate the gap between the 6,000-sq-km block and the floating Larsen C Ice Shelf from which it calved is widening.
The particular image on this page was acquired by the Deimos-1 satellite.
It is not easy getting pictures of the Antarctic at this time of year because of the long winter nights and because of cloud cover.
Those spacecraft that have so far spied the berg have been relying on radar or on infrared sensors to pierce these difficulties.
Deimos-1 was built in the UK for the Spanish Elecnor Deimos company, part of the Canadian Urthecast Earth-observation group.
“Deimos-1 was launched in July 2009 and was designed for a five-year life. Great to see it’s still working fine and producing vital Earth-monitoring data eight years later,” said Phil Davies, the MD of Deimos Space UK Ltd.
The monster berg – which is a quarter the size of Wales, and one of the biggest ever recorded – is so far behaving as expected.
Theory suggests it should move, in the first instance, down the slope in the ocean surface that has been pushed up against the coast by the winds that operate in the Weddell Sea. But the leftward deflecting effect of the Coriolis force, produced by the Earth’s rotation, should keep it relatively close to the coast.
Interestingly in the Deimos image, it appears as though a large segment of “fast ice” that was attached to the berg has broken free. This fast ice is considerably thinner than the main block – a few metres versus the 200-plus-metres of the berg itself.
Thomas Rackow and colleagues from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, are following the block with keen interest.
They recently published research in which they modelled the drift of icebergs through Antarctic waters – taking into account the different influences that act on small and large objects. There are essentially four “highways” that bergs travel, depending on their point of origin.
A-68 should follow the highway up the eastern coast of the Antarctic Peninsula, leading from the Weddell Sea towards the Atlantic.
“It will most likely follow a northeasterly course, heading roughly for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands,” Dr Rackow told BBC News. “It will be very interesting to see whether the iceberg will move as expected, as a kind of ‘reality-check’ for the current models and our physical understanding.”
Copernicus Sentinel (2017) ESA
Polar research agencies are already discussing the scientific opportunities afforded by the breakaway.
Scientists will want to understand what effect the calving might have on the remaining parts of the ice shelf. Ten percent of Larsen C’s area was removed by the departing berg, and this loss could change the way stress is configured and managed across the shelf.
There are numerous cracks just north of a pinning point known as the Gipps Ice Rise. These fissures have long remained static, held in place by a band of soft, malleable ice.
Researchers will want to check the departure of A-68 will not alter the status of these cracks.
There are also some fascinating investigations to be done on the seafloor that will soon be uncovered when the berg moves completely clear of the shelf. Previous big calvings have led to the discovery of new species.
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via BBC News – Science & Environment http://ift.tt/k2OXzt
July 17, 2017 at 12:06PM