Daily briefing: The pitfalls of peer review — and how to avoid them
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More than two-thirds of researchers find it difficult to prepare manuscripts and to respond to peer-review comments, finds a survey of nearly 7,000 researchers from over 100 countries. Researchers said that they struggled with unclear guidelines and language barriers when submitting to English-language journals. Many respondents also expressed confusion about the rules on plagiarism and authorship.
The European Union has made good on its promise to reduce the amount of red tape that scientists must wade through when applying for grants from its flagship funding programme, Horizon 2020. A report by the European Court of Auditors says that centralizing support services, improving information-technology tools and developing a single rulebook for participation has streamlined the process for scientists hoping to grab a piece of the €76.4-billion (US$87.4 billion) pot.
A faint ochre cave painting of a horned, four-legged animal could be the oldest figurative art ever found. Uranium dating shows that the image was created at least 40,000 years ago. Figurative ivory sculptures almost as old have been found in Germany, so this new finding reveals that ancient humans seemingly made the transition from abstract to figurative art at roughly the same time in wildly distant locations.
Reference: Nature paper
Eddie Bernice Johnson, Democratic member of the US House of Representatives and a former chief psychiatric nurse, is poised to take charge of the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology now that her party has won control of the chamber. She would succeed committee chair Lamar Smith, a Republican who was often at odds with the scientific community because of his positions on climate change and the role of the National Science Foundation, and his fondness for launching investigations into individual researchers and government agencies. Johnson says that as chair, she would focus on broadening access to science and restoring “the credibility of the Science Committee as a place where science is respected and recognized as a crucial input to good policymaking”.
FEATURES & OPINION
Scientists are getting closer to the goal of building a synthetic cell from the bottom up. The pace of work has been accelerating, thanks in part to recent advances in microfluidic technologies, which enable scientists to coordinate the movements of minuscule cellular components. The end game is to map the boundaries that separate life from non-living matter.
Queen guitarist and astrophysicist Brian May’s latest collaboration is a stereoscopic delight, finds reviewer May Chiao. The erstwhile rocker, along with co-author David Eicher, offers 150 stereo photographs to give us an inkling of the thrill of exploring an extraterrestrial landscape, alongside a balanced history enriched with fresh details from the Soviet and US space programmes.
Three researchers studied the experiences of early-career researchers — and drew on their own publication woes — to come up with their top tips for getting through the peer-review process. They outline how to choose your target journal, deal with editors and handle conflicting feedback.
Reference: Learned Publishing paper
QUOTE OF THE DAY
Media researcher Janelle Ward takes a satirical look at how to write an academic article. (Times Higher Education)
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Flora Graham, senior editor, Nature Briefing
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November 8, 2018 at 11:51AM